Desexing canine pets will prevent the birth of unwanted offspring. The process will also minimise the risk of dangerous reproductive diseases. Besides, the behavioural problems associated with the compulsion to reproduce will be eliminated. The primary concern for most pet owners is the risk of complications during and after the surgical procedure.
The desexing of dogs is relatively invasive. The procedure is conducted after the use of general anaesthesia to minimise pain and movement. An incision is made after shaving the abdomen, and the reproductive organs such as the ovaries, uterus and testes are removed. The wound is closed using an appropriate product such as dissolving stitches.
The risk of complications after desexing is quite low because the procedure is straightforward, and the methods are tried and tested. However, you should still be cautious. Here are some guidelines for preventing adverse reactions after a dog desexing surgery.
Protect Surgical Wound
The incision made during the operation will leave a wound. If this area is disturbed, the process of healing could be disrupted. You should protect the wound to promote fast healing. Your dog will attempt to lick the wound. This practice causes infections and subsequent complications. You can prevent the danger by having a head collar or cone fitted after the surgery.
Strenuous activity will delay recovery because the stitches will become unstable. They might even tear or dislodge, and the incision site might bleed again. You should prevent these problems by keeping your dog confined in a comfortable space. Finally, avoid exposing the dog to water during the recovery period. Moisture from swimming and bathing could delay healing and cause infections.
Consider the Appetite
Dogs do not require a special diet after desexing. However, a good diet will promote quick recovery and ensure long-term health. Therefore, consult your veterinarian on the nutritional requirements for your pet's breed, age, size and general health. Keep in mind that some dogs might lack appetite after the procedure. In this case, prepare bland food like rice and chicken. If the canine's appetite is not restored, check with the vet.
Monitor for Anomalies
You should monitor your dog for complications after the desexing procedure. This precaution will allow for a quick response in case of serious health issues. The most common complication is an infection. Check the wound for persistent swelling and unusual discharge like pus. The dog might also show symptoms like lethargy, pain and evidence of general discomfort.
If you suspect that your dog is experiencing an adverse reaction after desexing, visit a qualified veterinarian or a local vet clinic, like Findon Vet Surgery.